The speed of sound in ice, water, and steam is shown. what best explains the speed of sound in different states of matter? sound travels fastest in ice because energy is easier to transfer when the molecules are close together. sound travels slowest in steam because the sound has to move around the gas molecules that are far apart. sound travels fastest in ice because the temperature of solids is always greater, so the heat transfers the sound energy. sound travels slowest in steam because the pressure is so great the sound cannot travel though the steam particles.
A i think
The speed of sound is greater in ice (4000 m/s), then in water (1500 m/s), then in air (340 m/s). The explanation for this is the differente state of the matter in the three cases.
In fact, sound waves travel faster in solids (like ice), then in liquids (like water), then in gases (like air). This is because the speed of the sound wave depends on the density of the medium: the greater the density, the faster the sound wave. This can be easily understood by thinking at how a sound wave propagates: a sound wave is a vibration of molecules, which is transmitted throughout the medium by collision of the molecules. Therefore, the smaller the spacing between the molecules (such as in solids), the more efficient is the propagation, and so the sound wave is faster. On the contrary, there is a large spacing between molecules in gases (such as in the air), so there are less collisions between the molecules and so the wave is not transmitted efficiently, and so it has less velocity.