The somatic cell of a cat contains 38 chromosomes (2n = 38). how many chromosomes and how many dna molecules would the secondary spermatocyte of this cat have?
The secondary spermatocyte is formed in the process of spermatogenesis that occurs in the testis of the cat. It begins with a germ cell/primary spermatocyte that is diploid, that undergoes meiosis I turning it into a haploid secondary spermatocyte. The secondary spermatocyte then undergoes meiosis II to turn it into spermatids.
19? yeah its 19
the oxygenated blood then leaves the lungs through pulmonary veins, which return it to the left heart, completing the pulmonary cycle. this blood then enters the left atrium, which pumps it through the mitral valve into the left ventricle. from the left ventricle, the blood passes through the aortic valve to the aorta.
deoxygenated blood leaves through the right ventricle through the pulmonary artery. from the right atrium, the blood is pumped through the tricuspid valve (or right atrioventricular valve), into the right ventricle.