Read the following paragraph: he is not culturally "disadvantaged," but he is culturally "different." if you ask him how many months there are in a year, he will probably tell you thirteen. he will respond this way not because he doesn't know how to count properly, but because he has been taught by our traditional people that there are thirteen full moons in a year according to the native tribal calendar and that there are really thirteen planets in our solar system and thirteen tail feathers on a perfectly balanced eagle. which type of reasoning does the author use most to support his argument? a. pathos b. slippery slope c. ad hominem d. ethos
The author uses A. Pathos to support his argument.
Pathos is a method used to convince people, through an emotional response. In the paragraph, the author listed many cultural responses from the character, that classify him as "culturally different", to provoke sympathy from the reader.
The right answer is the B) "He has been taught by our traditional people that there are thirteen full moons in a year."
Explanation: Just to elaborate a little on the answer, it can be added that ethos is one of the three persuasion devices—the other two being pathos and logos—and it is aimed at convincing the reader of the credibility of the author (or of his/her source, or the person he/she is talking about) and, eventually, persuade him or her of that author's argument. In this paragraph, the author is describing in which ways one of the members of his tribe is culturally "different." By indicating that "their traditional people" taught him, the author is stressing that highly respected and knowledgeable people taught him what he knows (among other things that there are thirteen full moons in a year according to the native tribal calendar, and there are really thirteen planets in our solar system), and that makes him arguably different, but not disadvantaged.
The answer to your question is,
B. he has been taught by our traditional people that there are thirteen full moons in a year.