answer: it puts the reader in the place of the elizabethan who has to pay fines for eating meat
(i has to answer this question once too, thats how i knwo the answer)
The question revolves around the religious observance called Lent. According to the fasting traditions, person doesn't have to eat meat. Working through the answers we can yield that the correct answer is the second one - It puts the reader in the place of the Elizabethan who has to pay fines for eating meat. Indeed, no other related information from the excerpt could be found in the options.