Highlight all instances of parallel structure. there is no longer any room for hope. if we wish to be free—if we mean to preserve inviolate those inestimable privileges for which we have been so long contending—if we mean not basely to abandon the noble struggle in which we have been so long engaged, and which we have pledged ourselves never to abandon until the glorious object of our contest shall be obtained—we must fight!
"If we wish to be free-if we mean to preserve", "if we mean not basely to abandon" AND "which we have been so long contending", "which we have been so long engaged", "which we have pledged".
Parallelism is the repetition of the same grammatical structure. There are two instances of parallel structure in this excerpt. The first is the "If we ___ to ___" structure. The second is the "which we have " structure. By filling the passage with this parallel structure is gives the sense of a list of reasons that all, compounding on top of one another, logically lead to the need to fight. The change from the parallel structures in the last line "we must fight!" makes this exclamation stand out and hold power.
”if we wish to”
“If we mean to”
“If we mean not basely to”
D. Repeating the words "if we" emphasizes the number of values that Henry and the audience have in common.
In the excerpt from Patrick Henry's speech, he makes use of parallel structures to further influence the audience. In fact, he repeats the phrase "If we" three times to highlight the importance of the expressions that follow: "be free," "perserve" and not "to abandon the noble struggle" America has been involved in.
B: In this passage, he uses fight only once. The answer is not B.
A: The second part of the choice we don't know to be true of the British. They may very well have the same values; they may not want to share them.
C: We must fight does not sound like they are trying to sue for peace. It cannot be C
D: The answer is D. Patrick Henry is putting into words what everyone in the audience feels.
D is the answer.
I believe this is a hyperbole, because he is using emotion to try and get their attention.
The correct answer is B "parallelism". This rethorical device consists of the repetition of the same grammatical figure. We can see in this excerpt that it is used the word "if" to start saying the idea the narrator wants to be known.
The right anwer is "an appeal to reason".
The writer uses a series of resources to appeal to people's reason in order to gain support for a fight. He reminds the audience about work already done "if we mean not to basely abandon the noble struggle we have so long engaged". Moreover, a moral commitment is brought up "we have pledged ourselves never to abandon...". The appeal is presented so that no answers other than to forge ahead and fight seem reasonable.