Research one of the facts that Winston Churchill mentions in the lesson reading. You
must fill in a modern reader about the historical significance of this fact. Then you
must explain, in a separate paragraph, how Churchill uses the fact rhetorically to
fulfill his purpose in the speech.
Winston Churchill was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945, during most of World War II. He is credited with leading his country to victory in the devastating war and inspiring the nation with his stirring speeches. Churchill served as Prime Minster again from 1951 to 1955. He was also a soldier, journalist, and orator. A prolific author, he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1953. President Kennedy named him the first honorary citizen of the United States in 1963.
"We shall not flag or fail. We shall go on to the end. We shall fight in France, we shall fight on the seas and oceans, we shall fight with growing confidence and growing strength in the air, we shall defend our island, whatever the cost may be. We shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender." — Winston Churchill, 1940