Which of the following choices below best describes the reasoning behind the pilgrams creation of the mayflower compact, which in essence stated that they would rule themselves? a. the pilgrims of the mayflower were bound for virginia in 1620, but they got lost and instead landed at plymouth in present-day massachusetts. since plymouth did not lie within the boundaries of the virginia colony, the pilgrims had no official charter to govern them. so they drafted the mayflower compact, which in essence declared that they would rule themselves. b. the pilgrams drafted the mayflower compact because they were frustrated about unfair taxation and religious freedoms that were being controlled by the british monarchy. c. the mayflower compact was in response to john locke's "two treatises of government". the pilgrams were impressed by the locke's philophies and decided to draw upon his theories to craft the mayflower compact. d. the pilgrams had no idea that they were even under the jurisdiction of the british monarchy and therefore created a system of government out of necessity
2. D. reassures colonial farmers that they can earn a profit from their goods without Great Britain's help.
3. A. The Magna Carta, because it limited the power of the king.
4. D. English Bill of Rights – limited monarchy
6)Stormy weather and dangerous seas caused them to avoid sailing to their original site.
7)The Pilgrims left England and settled in the New World.
8)The Pilgrims sought to develop a system of government like the one they had in England.
9)The Pilgrims gave thanks to God for their survival. They celebrated the new harvest with the Indians.
10)The Plymouth Colony was founded by people who were seeking religious liberty. It established the idea of religious liberty.
1- The correct answer is D. This phrase of the Mayflower Compact helped American Colonists to understand the idea of social contract, since a pact is established that tends to the general good of the Colony to which all the members should abide. That is, a social pact is signed to achieve good and general justice.
2- The correct answer is D, it reassures colonial farmers that they can earn a profit from their goods without Great Britain's help. The essay affirmed that the American colonies did not obtain any compensation from Great Britain, whose sole purpose was to exploit their riches, and that any sensible analysis would conclude with the need to obtain the independence of British rule and establish a republican government of their own.
3- The correct answer is A. As the Magna Carta limited King's power, Blackstone's concerns about a wrong use of monarchy power were addressed in it.
4- The correct answer is D. The English Bill of Rights is the best example of how to limit monarchy's power through Parliament's decissions.
1. A. It showed that a monarch's powers were limited, that even he or she had to respect citizen rights and laws.
Before Magna Carta was created, the Kings of England can do any violation that they want since they cannot be punished by laws.
After the Magna Carta was created, the Kings and other nobles that rule the country are subjected to the same laws as the citizens. This make the monarch power become extremely limited and they cannot violate human's right like they used to do.
2. B. Magna Carta
At that time, the new colonists see magna charta as a great guideline that can be used as the foundation of law in their new destination. It provide a strong law structure to protect human rights of the citizens while providing enough power for the government to make laws and protect the citizens at the same time.
3 D. Paine's Common Sense
Paine's common sense highlight the injustices that the government of Britain has done to the colonists (such as unfair tax laws). The pamphlets help convince the colonists that they would be economically better off if they were separated form Britain. This increase the number of volunteers who're willing to join the revolutionary army.
4. D. Magna Carta
Before signing the Magna Carta, there is no law in the country that can prevent the King from doing whatever he want. HE was basically untouchables from punishment if he did somethign wrong. After signing the Magna Carta, the King can no longer violate the law and would be punished in the same manner if He violate it.
5. A. could make requests of the king without fear of getting into trouble for it
Before the bill of rights, the people always scared to point out the wrong doings made by the King or make any sort of requests. This fear exist because they're scared that they would offended the King and publicly executed as punishments. The quote from the bill of rights erased this fear and increase the citizens' power within the government.
3: people accused of crimes had certain rights unless found guilty through a legal process
This lead to the phrase "innocent until proven guilty". in the court of law, the accusers should the one that provide the proof of their accusation. The law enforcement had a list of responsibilities that it need to maintain for the accused (such as maintaining their reputation, provided fair hearings, conduct a non biased investigation)
4: This is a quote from the Mayflower Compact and reflects the principle of self-government.
The principle of self-government was initiated by the people in the mayflower ships because they do not want to fully controlled by the another government. They elected their own government body that can pass the rules and legislation in their territory. This concept of self-government is what lead to united states consist of 50 regions that have their own autonomy.
5: Yes, it was an example of a limited monarchy in England, and explained that the monarch should not have unrestricted powers.
The magna Carta was created to make the Kings and nobles become subjected to the law and should not have unlimited power. This give more power to the people and place law as the highest hierarchy that rule the civilization, not human beings with personal desire.
6: English Bill of Rights
The english bill of rights state the basic civil rights that cannot be crossed/violated by the government in any circumstances. It automatically given to all citizens as soon as they are born in the country. The united states' bill of rights that we have is inspired by this document.
7: Mayflower Compact
Mayflower compact was created on a ship by the passangers who ran away from the religious prosecution by King James VI. They agree that they would establish a law when they arrive to the new land and follow that laws for the common good of people, not out of fear.
8: Paine's Common Sense
The common sense that created by Paine highlight the unfairness that the british government has force the colonists. He spread the pamphlets in order to make colonists aware of this problem and develop a personal reason that make them join the war for independence.
9: The British monarch should be respected as a matter of common sense.
It's the other way around. Paine tried to convice the people that the regulations that imposed by the british monarch (such as overly high taxation rate) only bring suffering to them and they should not be respected because of it.
10: It showed that a monarch's powers were limited, that even he or she had to respect citizen rights and laws.
Prior to the creation of magna Charta, the monarchs create the law by itself. This mean that they can even execute people without proper cause and all of the monarch's wrong doing would be punishable by law. The creation of magna charta highlight how the powers of the monarch mean nothing if the citizens unite and choose to oppose them.
Tatum keeps her room very tidy because it is quite small and compact.
The adjective compact means "designed to be small in size or economical in operation.
Tatum keeps her room very tidy because it is quite small and compact.
The adjective compact means "designed to be small in size or economical in operation."
The Mayflower Compact was needed to institute a government with just and equal laws.
The Mayflower Compact was a document signed on November 11, 1620, in which the Pilgrim Fathers (English religious dissidents who arrived in North America on the Mayflower barge) agreed with the Virginia company to provide them with internal self-government.
Upon arrival in North America, a conflict arose among the English Puritans. Due to an error in the ship’s course, the colonists were north of the piece of land that the company allocated to them. Therefore, many of them believed that the contract with the Virginia company had lost force. As a result of negotiations on November 11, 1620, 41 people, heads of all families who arrived in America, signed a written agreement on board of the Mayflower. In this document, they expressed their intention to establish their own colony and pledged to obey the laws.
This document became the first regulatory source of American constitutionalism, and also became a clear confirmation of the fairly independent attitude of the colonists who did not want to obey external charters.