The given system of equations is consistent and independent so, is correct.

Further explanation:

A system of equations is said to be a consistent system if the solution exists and if the solution does not exist then it is an inconsistent system.

If a consistent system has a unique solution then it is an independent system of equations but if the number of solutions is infinite then it is a dependent system of equations.

Label the given equations as shown below:

…… (1)

…… (2)

…… (3)

The augmented matrix for the above equations is, as follows:

Apply row transformation and as,

Now, apply row transformation and as,

Now, apply row transformations and as,

The equations obtained from the above augmented matrix are,

The first equation is simplified to obtain the value of z as,

Substitute for in the equation to obtain the value of as,

Now, substitute for and for in the equation to obtain the value of as,

Therefore, the value of is , the value of is and the value of is and the system has a unique solution.

Thus, the given system of equations is consistent and independent.

Option (1)

Here, the first option is inconsistent and dependent.

There exists a solution of the given system of equations so it is consistent.

Therefore, option (1) is incorrect.

Option (2)

Here, the second option is consistent and dependent.

There exists a solution of the given system of equations so it is consistent.

Also, the solution is unique therefore the system of equations is independent.

Therefore, option (2) is incorrect.

Option (3)

Here, the third option is consistent and independent.

There exists a solution of the given system of equations so it is consistent.

Also, the solution is unique therefore the system of equations is independent.

Therefore, option (3) is correct.

Option (4)

Here, the fourth option is inconsistent and independent.

There exists a solution of the given system of equations so it is consistent.

Therefore, option (4) is incorrect.

Learn more:

1. A problem on circle

2. A problem on general equation of a circle

Answer details

Grade: High school

Subject: Mathematics

Chapter: System of linear equations

Keywords: Equations, unique solution, independent, dependent, consistent, inconsistent, infinite solutions, homogeneous equation, non- homogeneous equation, determinant.